Javier Mariscal studied philosophy at university in Valencia from 1967 until 1970 before immatriculating at the Escuela de Grafismo Elisava in Barcelona, where he studied graphic design. In 1973 Javier Mariscal and friends of his drew the first underground comic in Spain, "El Rrollo Enmascarado". Javier Mariscal has worked mainly as a graphic designer but has also been active as a painter. Until 1975 Javier Mariscal lived on Ibiza, where he drew other comics and produced his first designs for seat furniture. From 1976 Javier Mariscal again lived in Barcelona, where he freelanced as a graphic artist and designer. In 1979 Javier Mariscal came up with the lettering BAR-CEL-ONA, which you look through like a window onto scenes behind the silhouetted letters.